UNIT 3: ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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UNIT 3: ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

مُساهمة من طرف S-MeC في الإثنين يناير 30, 2012 1:11 pm

UNIT 3: ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY




أهممفردات نصوص الصفحة 47 – الوحدة الثالثة-


Shape : to cause (something) to have a particular character or nature; form


تشكل



To be scientifically literate


أن تكون لك معرفةعلمية


To have well -reasoned views


أن تكون لك آراءمعقولة



To identify pseudo-scientific claims


التحقق من الادعاءاتالعلمية الزائفة



Literate citizens


مواطنينمتعلمين




Beneficial


نافع



Think critically


التفكير بشكلنقدي


---------------------------------

EXPRESSIONS OF PURPOSE


عبارات التعبير عن الغرض ص49


So / so as to / in order to


* We use so / so as to / in order to , to express purpose


Example


?A: Why did you call him


B: I called him in order to / so as to / to invite him


* The negatives are not to / in order not to / so as not to


Example


I called him not to congratulate him, but to invite him


------------------------


هنا تجدون نص الصفحة 50 من وحدة Advancesin Science and Technology



Insights into English: Text page 50


PART A:


Advancesin technology have changed the way we live and communicate, but no breakthroughhas revolutionized life as the advent of the « wireless ». In the 1980’s, telephones were stuck to walls. , facts were found in books and people had tobrowse shelves in a record store if they wanted to buy the latest music. Now, access to all of that and more is found by just reaching into our pockets. Withnew mobile technology and wireless technologies, information has become easilyaccessible. In the Information Age having immediate access to data isfundamental to progress. In some cases the advances are serving to overhaulindustries at a very fast pace. The internet has allowed music lovers to changethe way music industry does business. Text messaging over cell phones has madewritten communication more immediate. How many text messages have you senttoday? Having a com****r in almost every home was instrumental to this massivetechnology change. Now, having com****r access is available everywhere- well, almost everywhere. And just as com****r use worldwide is exploding, the brainsbehind them – the processors- are getting smaller. Today, a tiny com****r chipcan hold huge amounts of data. We can now store tons of information in a cellphone a digital camera and have them at our disposaleverywhere. When theinternet age dawned, the World Wide Web looked entirely unproblematic. Todayhowever, we face online scams and viruses



--xx--ingyour entertainmentexperience


Technological advances have also transformedthe entertainment industry. Satellite television and radio give us more choices. The development of the remote control allows us to access our preferredchannels. Video game technology has made great strides, too



Breakthrough = an important discovery orevent


The wireless was an important breakthrough inscience


حدث مهم



2- Fundamental = Important


Scientific research is fundamental to progress


مهم/ جوهري



3- Online scams: online fraud


Online scamis a major problem forinternet for online shoppers


عملية احتيال



4 - To make strides = to make headways/ to makeprogress


أن تحقق تقدما مهما




2



PART A:




Looking into thefuture


Manylife-changing innovations have been made in scientific laboratories. Researchershave decoded the genetic make-up of many organisms, which led to advances inbiotechnology, the science of manipulating and organism’s genetic material. DNAtesting and forensic science has made it extremely possible to reunite anunidentified baby with his parents after a natural disaster, for example. Amazing new technologies are changing the way crimes are investigated andsolved. Scientists are making headways in biometrics, which is the science ofdigitizing information such as fingerprints or facial features for accurateidentification



Making advances



Hybrid vehicles – thosevehicles that use at least two power sources, typically gasoline and electricitywill soon be on the market everywhere. The compact fluorescent light bulb is low -tech. Yet, it has revolutionized the quality of life. It is one of the mostsuccessful energy- saving devices developed to date. There are advances ineverything. From banking to shopping to investing, technology and the internetare transforming the way we conduct our global banking and financing. Bankcustomers can see everything from their checking account and savings account tohome mortgages and credit cards. Now they can do all of that 24 hours a day, seven days a week from their own homes. Breakthroughs in defense technologychanged the face of warfare. Smart bombs are guided to their targets bysatellites. Robots are used to disarm bombs. Laser technology is applied inmedicine and CD and DVD recording and playback. In space exploration, unmannedspacecraft have landed on Mars. The sky’s the limit for new technologyindustries!!


الأجوبة على أسئلة النص



For instance= forexample


To make headways= tomake progress


Biometrics= scienceof digitizing information


Hybrid vehicles= avehicle that uses two sources of power; gasoline andelectricity


Home mortgages= agreement that allows you to borrow money from a bank to buy ahouse


قرض عقاري





Text Col********s page 50


Part A


Col********s


Col********sare: the way in which somewords are used


together



For example: commit a crime


في الإنجليزية هناك كلمات تأتي دائما في الكلام مع بعضها البعض وتسمى col********


اليوم ندرس بعض من هذه الكلمات التي


في نص ص 50 من كتاب



Insights Into English


Verb+adjective+ noun


Adjective + Noun



Noun+Noun


Adverb+ Adjective


-To have immediate access



-To have com****r access



-To make great strides



-Wireless world



-Mobile technology



-Digital camera



-Online scams



-Technological advances



-The remote control



-Record store



-The information age



-Music industry



-Music lovers



-Entertainment industry



-Satellite television



-Easily accessible






Part B



Verb+adjective+ noun


Adjective + Noun



Noun+Noun


Adverb+ Adjective


- to make extremely possible



-to make headways



-life-changing innovations



-scientific laboratories



- forensic science



-natural disaster



- -hybrid vehicles



-- facial features



- unmanned spacecraft



-power sources



-bank customers



-savings account



-credit cards



-home mortgages



-defence technology



-smart bombs



-laser technology





الشروحات


To have immediate access


أن يكون لك حق استعمال شيء بشكل فوري


EX/ Thanks to the internet, people have immediate access to data



To have com****r access


أن يكون لك حق استعمال الإنترنيت


EX/Most young people have com****r access in their cities



To make great strides


أن تحرز تقدما مهما


EX/ Scientists made great strides in technological sciences



Wireless world


عالم ألاسلكي


EX/They made great strides in wireless world technology



Scientific laboratories


المختبرات العلمية



Digital camera


الكاميرا الرقمية



Forensic science


العلم الشرعي


EX/ Great advances have been made in Forensic sciences



Online scams


عمليات احتيال على الإنترنيت



Natural disaster


كارثة طبيعية


EX/ The Tsunami in Asia was a major Natural disaster



Technological advances


التطورات التكنولوجية



The remote control


التحكم عن بعد



Record store


محل الأسطوانات الموسيقية



The information age


عصر المعلومات


EX/ The 21 st century is an information age century



Entertainment industry


صناعة التسلية


EX/ World Disney is an example of entertainment industry



Easily accessible


يمكن الوصول إليه بسهولة


EX/ With satellite TV watching films is easily accessible



To make extremely possible


أن تجعل الشيء ممكنا لأبعد الحدود


EX/ The internet has made it extremely possible for students to access information




To make headways


أن تحرز تقدما كبيرا



Life-changing innovations


ابتكارات تغير الحياة



Unmanned spacecraft


مركبة بدون طيار



Savings account


حساب المدخرات


Defence technology


تكنولوجيا الدفاع


Smart bombs


القنابل الذكية


Laser technology


تكنولوجيا الليزر
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